Global reports




Health for the World's Adolescents

Health for the World’s Adolescents, has been created primarily for people working in the health sector, especially the senior and mid-level staffs of ministries of health, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and the range of health sector partners responsible for developing, implementing and supporting policies and programmes that contribute to adolescent health.
The report provides an overview of the progress made between the World Health Assembly Resolution on the Health of Youth in 1989 and the 2011 World Health Assembly Resolution on Youth and Health Risks. It includes current WHO recommendations on policies and programmes that respond to priority health problems during adolescence. It reflects the achievements in developing the evidence base for action and touches on new interventions, new research and new delivery mechanisms.



Controlling the epidemic: Delivering on the promise of an AIDS-free generation

This report focuses on the shifts in the way business is done in PEPFAR 3.0 to reflect the reality of the time and  the situations on the ground. It also reflects the need to undergo a realignment of geographic and programmatic focus and reinvestment in high HIV prevalence areas and populations to more efficiently and effectively reduce transmission and incidence. It also discusses PEPFAR's five action agendas—Impact, Efficiency, Sustainability, Partnership, and Human Rights - which directs the work of this programme and catalyzes the goal of controlling the epidemic and achieving an AIDS -free generation.


   Sixth Children and AIDS Stocktaking Report
This report focuses on the response to HIV and AIDS among children in low- and middle-income countries. It is structured around the first and second decades of a child’s life, and reviews the HIV burden among children and adolescents and the progress being made in addressing it. It also aims at identifying key strategies to accelerate access to HIV prevention, treatment, protection, care and support for children and adolescents and at summarizing opportunities arising from recent scientific advances, new technology and emerging practice innovations.
For more information, visit
The report is available in English, French, Spanish and Portuguese.


   Global Evaluation of Life Skills Education Programmes
This is the report of the Global Evaluation of Life Skills Education commissioned by the UNICEF Evaluation Office. The aims of the evaluation were to consider life skills education (LSE) initiatives and assess them for relevance, coverage, efficiency, effectiveness and sustainability and to consider UNICEF’s role and additionally in support of them, recognizing that UNICEF has been an advocate for life skills education and a source of support in many countries. The evaluation was also tasked with identifying lessons and making recommendations for UNICEF and partners.


  Mapping HIV Services and Policies for Adolescents: A Survey of 10 Countries in Sub Saharan Africa
PEPFAR and USAID in collaboration with UNICEF supported AIDSTAR-One has conducted a mapping activity to identify HIV policies and services for adolescents in ten sub Saharan African countries. As the number of ALHIV continues to increase, the need to improve services, policies, and programs intensifies. Yet, despite these alarming numbers, adolescents face challenges in access to HIV testing and treatment. At baseline, there is limited attention to the special health needs of adolescents in health strategies, policies, or programs, which is further complicated by conflicting adolescent age definitions resulting in indicators and health data that are insufficient for program planning and evaluation of health programs for adolescents.


  Positive Learning: Meeting the needs of young people living with HIV (YPLHIV) in the education sector
here are an estimated 5.4 million young people living with HIV (YPLHIV) worldwide (UNAIDS, 2010) and 45% of new HIV infections occur among 15-24 year olds (WHO, 2009). While YPLHIV share certain needs in common with both younger children and older adults, conceptually and programmatically they represent a group whose needs are complex, shifting and, too often, unaddressed.


Opportunity in Crisis: Preventing HIV from early adolescence to young adulthood - Main Report
Today, around the world, there are 5 million young men and women living with HIV.  Opportunity in Crisis: Preventing HIV from early adolescence to young adulthood examines the state of the HIVepidemic among young people, highlighting thechallenges they face and presenting solutions informed by evidence of what works with different age groups and in different epidemic settings.  The report outlines key steps towards building a continuum of HIV prevention that can help keep children HIV-free as they develop into young adults.

See also: A Global View of HIV Infections in Adolescents and Young People in Opportunity in Crisis, PosterSource: Opportunity in Crisis - Fact Sheet, UNICEF, June 2011 [PDF]



School-Based Sexuality Education Progammes: A Cost and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis in Six Countries [PDF]
The seminal six-country study, carried out in Estonia, India, Indonesia, Kenya, the Netherlands and Nigeria, gives an economic basis to the argument htat sexuality education provides a key platform for HIV prevention amongst young people.  The findings show the potential for cost-effectiveness, and even cost savings, in both high- and low-income countries through scaled-up, compulsory sexuality education programmes that are integrated into school curricula.



HIV Prevention Gains Momentum: Success in Female Condom Programming
This report examines a number of success stories in the fight against HIV.  Examples come from countries such as Zimbabwe, Myanmar, Nigeria andthe Caribbean region.  These countries' governments, civil societies and the private sector have united to educate the public and to empower individuals, especially women, to insist on their right to protect their health through correct and consistent condom use.



Taking Evidence to Impact: Making a Difference for Vulnerable Children Living in a World with HIV and AIDS [PDF]
HIV-affected children continue to face enormous challenges, including the burden of care for sick relatives, trauma from the loss of parents, economic distress due to declining household income and high health costs. This document points readers to specific guidelines, where they exist, though web links at the end of each chapter.  It also lays out new programmatic directions to increase access of children affected by HIV and AIDS to critical health and other social services, highlighting the importance of better context-specific vulnerability analysis to guide programming and targeting, as well the need to enable children and young people to participate more actively in planning and programming.


Levels of Success: Case studies of national sexuality education programmes [PDF]
A growing body of evidence exists to demonstrate what constitues an effective school-based sexuality education programme. The factors that contribute to successful implementation of effective school-based sexuality education at regional, country, or local levels are less clear.  Drawing from country experience in China, Jamaica, Kenya, Mexico, Nigeria and Vietnam, and from regional experience in Latin America and the Caribbean, this publication identifies a range of factors that can contribute to the successful development and implementatoin of sexuality education in the school setting.


We can empower young people to protect themselves from HIV [PDF]
The Joint Action for Results: UNAIDS Outcome Framework, 2009-2011 represents a new and more focused commitment to the HIV response and serves as a platform to move towards UNAIDS' vision of zero new HIV-infections, zero discrimination, and zero AIDS-related deaths.  It commits the UNAIDS Secretariat and the Cosponsors to leverage their respective organizational mandates and resources to work collectively to deliver results.


Promoting partner reduction: helping young people understand and avoid HIV risks from multiple partnerships [PDF]
PPR is an evidence-based, participatory set of activities designed to positively affect young peoples’ knowledge, attitudes, values, and intentions to reduce multiple partnerships. The resource contains seventeen activities designed to address multiple partnerships in young people, with an emphasis on those that are overlapping or concurrent (sometimes referred to as “multiple concurrent partnerships” or MCP). The activities were developed with the input of experts around the world and were field-tested among young people in the United States, Botswana and Kenya, and recently piloted by programs in South Africa and Swaziland



Experience from the field: HIV prevention among most at risk adolescents in Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent Sates

This document shares experiences, including the results of research, advocacy and interventions and to support programmers, policy makers and donors to carry out and strengthen further programming among MARA and other vulnerable adolescents in the CEE/CIS Region and beyond. Country Experiences illustrate HIV Prevention programming for MARA in seven Eastern European countries and include the personal stories and perspectives of most-at-risk adolescents and young people themselves.



Page last updated at 11:20 AM